Golghar Patna Conserves the History of India

I am a history lover and go to all historic places when I visit a place, collecting books on history and if possible, buying some souvenirs. Golghar Patna is a historically important place in the city and attracts a lot of tourists from nearby areas and from other parts of India. Lots of historians and history students visit the pace and collect a number of facts about history like its architecture, the purpose of its construction, people involved in the construction etc. It is located on the western side of Gandhi Maidan. So, as I went to Gandhi Maidan, I went to see Golghar too.

The structure is shaped like a stupa and was used as a granary in the past to store grains. It was constructed by Warren Hastings, who was the Governor-General of India. The construction of the granary began in 1770, after the famine that struck the states of Bengal, Bihar and the neighboring states and killed more than 10,000 million people. It was completed in 1786 and was large enough to contain as much as 140000 tons of grain. As I neared the granary, I saw that it was a massive structure, which stood to a height of 29 meters. The diameter of the granary was about 125 meters.

golghar patna

Golghar Patna | Image Resource : flickr.com

On the four sides of the granary there were four doors that opened inwards and the thickness of the wall was 3.6 meters at the base. Two spiral stairways from the base to the top of the granary took you in opposite directions and each staircase contained 145 steps. They were so constructed that the laborers can go up by one staircase, drop the sack containing the grain through the hole on the top and then descend by the other staircase.

I joined a group climbing up the staircase and on reaching the top, the view offered was so beautiful that I stood there for a long time admiring the city of Patna and the River Ganges. Plans are being taken to renovate the structure and conserve it, making it more appealing for the tourists. The granary was never filled fully as the doors opened inwards and if it was filled fully, they would not open.


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