Jantar Mantar, Delhi – One of the Most Impressive Observatories

After visiting the Lodhi Garden, we reached home around 8.30 pm. We were famished, so we changed our clothes as fast as we could and hit on our dinner. Though it was a hectic day, I was feeling contented. Only thing I was missing was ‘shopping’. Sitting in the bedroom, I was shuffling the pictures I had clicked in my camera and I don’t remember when I fell asleep. I woke up at 8 in the morning; Sandra was still sleeping so I woke her up. After finishing our daily jobs, we had orange juice and poha in breakfast. By the time we finished that, it was 9.30 am. Jantar Mantar was hardly 5 km away from Sandra’s house, so we decided to take a public transport bus. It’s a quick and economical service in Delhi. As it was morning, it took us only 15 minutes to reach Jantar Mantar, Delhi.

Basically, Jantar Mantar is an astronomical observatory established by Maharaja Sawai Jaisingh II of Jaipur. There are total 5 Jantar Mantars, all founded by Jai Singh II. Rest four Jantar Mantars are located at Jaipur, Ujjain, Mathura and Banaras. Jantar Mantar, Jaipur is the biggest of all five and I had already seen it. The history of these Jantar Mantars depicts that Mughal Monarch Muhammad Shah assigned the duty of revamping the calendar to Jaipur’s king Sawai Jai Singh II. In order to complete his task, he constructed these five observatories. The primary aim of the observatories was to calculate the time, movements of moon and sun, and to assemble astronomical tables. The Jantar Mantar at Delhi was completed in1724.

jantar mantar, delhi

Jantar Mantar, Delhi | Image Resource : touristturtle.com

It consists of four major apparatuses called ‘Samrat Yantra’, ‘Ram Yantra’, ‘Jayprakash Yantra’ and ‘Misra Yantra’. The Samrat Yantra is a 70-foot high, 114-foot long and 10-foot thick huge sun dial triangle with a 128-foot long Hypotenuse indicating towards North Pole parallel to earth’s axis. The Jayprakash Yantra is made of hollow hemispheres with a numbered concave surface. An observer could assume position of a star using this instrument. The Misra Yantra was to determine the longest and shortest day of the year. It could tell definite time of noon at various places unconcerned with a distance; this was the most significant feature of this Yantra. It was 12 o’clock when we left Jantar Mantar, Delhi and I thought it was time enough when I should move from Sandra’s house to the Hotel Hilton New Delhi. So I rushed back to Sandra’s house, packed my luggage, bid a thankful farewell to her mom and her and headed towards the hotel.

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